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1. All revenues received by the Union. Government by way of taxes and other receipts for the conduct of Government business are credited to the:
2. In the areas covered under the Panchayat (Extension to the Scheduled Areas) Act, 1996, what is the role/power of Gram Sabha?
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
3. Consider the following statements regarding a No-Confidence Motion in India:
Which of the statements given above is / are correct?
4. According to the Constitution of India, it is the duty of the President of India to cause to be laid before the Parliament which of the following?
Select the correct answer using the codes given below :
5. ‘Economic Justice’ the objectives of Constitution has been as one of the Indian provided in:
6. Which of the following are included in the original jurisdiction of the Supreme Court?
7. The distribution of powers between the Centre and the States in the Indian Constitution is based on the scheme provided in the
8. Which of the following provisions of the Constitution of India have a bearing on Education?
9. Which of the following is / are the function/functions of the Cabinet Secretariat?
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
10. What is the provision to safeguard the autonomy of the Supreme Court of India?
11. Consider the following statements
12. If National Water Mission is properly and completely implemented, how will it impact the country?
13. Consider the following provisions under the Directive Principles of State Policy as enshrined in the Constitution of India :
Which of the above are the Gandhian Principles that are reflected in the Directive Principles of State Policy?
14. Which of the following are the methods of Parliamentary control over public finance in India?
15. With reference to the Finance Commission of India, which of the following statements is correct?
16. The Prime Minister of India, at the time of his/her appointment:
17. Who among the following constitute the National Development Council?
Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
18. In the context of India, which of the following principles is/are implied institutionally in the parliamentary government?
Select the correct answer using the codes given below.
19. Consider the following statements:
20. Under the Constitution of India, which one of the following is not a fundamental duty?
21. In India, if a religious sect/community is given “the status of a national minority, what special advantages it is entitled to?
22. The authorization for the withdrawal of funds from the- Consolidated Fund of India must come from:
23. With reference to National Legal Services Authority, consider the following statements :
24. Consider the following:
The employees of which of the above can have the ‘Social Security’ coverage under Employees’ State Insurance Scheme?
25. Consider the following statements :
In India, a Metropolitan Planning Committee
Question 1 of 25
1. In India, other than ensuring that public funds are used efficiently and for intended purpose, what is the importance of the office of the Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG)?
2. With reference to National Rural Health Mission, which of the following are the jobs of ‘ASHA’, a trained community health worker?
3. How do District Rural Development Agencies (DRDAs) help in the reduction of rural poverty in India?
4. Under the Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006, who shall be the authority to initiate the process for determining the nature and extent of individual or community forest rights or both?
5. What is the difference between “vote-on-account” and “interim budget”?
Which of the statements; given above is/are correct?
6. How does the National Rural Livelihood Mission seek to improve livelihood options of rural poor?
7. A deadlock between the LokSabha and the RajyaSabha calls for a joint sitting of the Parliament during the passage of
8. Which of the following is/are the principal feature(s) of the Government of India Act, 1919?
9. Which one of the following Schedules of the Constitution of India contains provisions regarding anti-defection?
10. With reference to “AamAdmiBimaYojana”, consider the following statements:
11. Consider the following statements:
12. With reference to the Delimitation Commission, consider the following statements :
13. With what purpose is the-Government of India promoting the concept of “Mega Food Parks”?
14. What is/are the recent policy initiative(s) of Government of India to promote the growth of manufacturing sector?
15. Which of the following is/are among the Fundamental Duties of citizens laid down in the Indian Constitution?
16. When the annual Union Budget is not passed by the LokSabha
17. Which of the following are associated with ‘Planning’ in India?
18. What will follow if a Money Bill is substantially amended by the RajyaSabha?
19. With reference to consumers’ rights/ privileges under the provisions of law in India, which of the following statements is/are correct?
20. In the Parliament of India, the purpose of an adjournment motion is
21. India is home to lakhs of persons with disabilities. What are the benefits available to them under me law?
22. Which of the following bodies does not/do not find mention in the Constitution?
23. Consider the following statements:
24. The endeavour of ‘JananiSurakshaYojana’ Programme is
Which of the statements given above is /are correct?
25. Consider the following :
Which of the above is/are Human Right/Human Rights under “Universal Declaration of Human Rights”?
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1. Which one of the following describes best the concept of Nirvana in Buddhism?
2. Consider the following statements :
The most effective contribution made by Dadabhai Naoroji to the cause of Indian National Movement was that he
3. Which of the following statements is/are correct regarding BrahmoSamaj?
4. With reference to the guilds (Shreni) of ancient India that played a very important role in the country’s economy, which of the following statements is /are correct?
5. Ibadat Khana at Fatehpur Sikri was
6. Lord Buddha’s image is sometimes shown with the hand gesture called ‘Bhumisparsha Mudra’. It symbolizes
7. Which one of the following observations is not true about the Quit India Movement of 1942?
8. Which of the following statements is/are applicable to Jain doctrine?
The Chinese traveller Yuan Chwang (Hiuen Tsang) who visited India recorded the general conditions and culture of India at that time. In this context, which of the following statements is/are correct?
10. The Rowlatt Act aimed at:
11. Some Buddhist rock-cut caves are called Chaityas, while the others are called Viharas. What is the difference between the two?
12. The Ghadr (Ghadar) was a
13. Which of the following characterizes/ characterize the people of Indus Civilization?
Select the correct statement/ statements using the codes given below.
14. Consider the following Bhakti Saints:
Who among the above was/were preaching when the Lodi dynasty fell and Babur took over?
15. The Partition of Bengal made by Lord Curzon in 1905 lasted until
16. Regarding the Indus Valley Civilization, consider the following statements:
17. During Indian freedom struggle, the National Social Conference was formed. What was the reason for its formation?
18. What was the reason for Mahatma Gandhi to organize a satyagraha on behalf of the peasants of Kheda?
19. The national motto of India, ‘Satyameva Jayate’ inscribed below the Emblem of India is taken from
20. The Jain philosophy holds that the world is created and maintained by
21. Annie Besant was:
Select the correct statement/statements using the codes given below.
22. What was/were the object/objects of Queen Victoria’s Proclamation (1858)?
23. The religion of early Vedic Aryans was primarily of
24. Mahatma Gandhi said that some of his deepest convictions were reflected in a book titled, “Unto this Last” and the book transformed his life. What was the message from the book that transformed Mahatma Gandhi?
25. The Ilbert Bill controversy was related to the
With reference to the religious history of medieval India, the Sufi mystics were known to pursue which of the following practices?
Quit India Movement was launched in response to:
What was the purpose with which Sir William Wedderburn and W. S. Caine had set up the Indian Parliamentary Committee in 1893?
With reference to the scientific progress of ancient India, which of the statements given below are correct?
Chaitra 1 of the national calendar based on the Saka Era corresponds to which one of the following dates of the Gregorian calendar in a normal year of 365 days?
The tendency for increased litigation was visible after the introduction of the land settlement system of Lord Cornwallis in 1793. The reason for this is normally traced to which of the following provisions?
Some Buddhist rock-cut caves are called Chaityas, while the others are called Viharas. What is the difference between the two?
The Ghadr (Ghadar) was a
The Radcliffe Committee was appointed to
Which amongst the following provided a common factor for tribal insurrection in India in the 19th century?
With reference to the history of ancient India, which of the following was/were common to both Buddhism and Jainism?
The “dharma” and “rita” depict a central idea of ancient Vedic civilization of India, In this context, consider the following statements:
The 1929 Session of Indian, National Congress is of significance in the history of the Freedom Movement because the
With reference to the period of Indian freedom struggle, which of the following was/were recommended by the Nehru report?
Consider the following :
Which of the above was/were introduced into India by the English?
Which of the following statements is/are applicable to Jain doctrine?
Which one of the following pairs does not form part of the six systems of Indian Philosophy?
The people of India agitated against the arrival of Simon Commission because:
In medieval India, the designations ‘Mahattara’ and ‘Pattakila’ were used for
Which of the following parties were established by Dr. B. R. Ambedkar?
Which of the following Kingdoms were associated with the life of the Buddha?
With reference to the period of colonial rule in India, “Home Charges” formed an important part of drain of wealth from India. Which of the following funds constituted “Home Charges”?
The Lahore Session of the Indian National Congress (1929) is very important in history, because
The demand for the Tebhaga Peasant Movement in Bengal was for:
Mahatma Gandhi undertook fast unto death in 1932, mainly because:
With reference to Indian freedom struggle, Usha Mehta is well-known for:
Regarding the Indus Valley Civilization, consider the following statements:
Consider the following statements:
With reference to Indian History, the Members of the Constituent Assembly from the Provinces were:
Question 1 of 29
Consider the following kinds of organisms :
Which of the above is/are pollinating agent/agents?
Consider the following crops
Which of these are Kharif crops?
With reference to micro-irrigation, which of the following statements is/are correct?
Consider the following crops of India :
Which of the above is/are used as pulse, fodder and green manure?
Consider these pairs (2014)
Which of the above pairs are correctly matched?
Which of the following statements is / are correct regarding vegetative propagation of plants?
Select the correct answer using the code given below.
The Narmada river flows to the west, while most other large peninsular rivers flow to the east. Why?
In the context of food and nutritional security of India, enhancing the ‘Seed Replacement Rates’ of various crops helps in achieving the food production targets of the future. But what is/are the constraint/ constraints in its wider / greater implementation?
Which of the following is / are the characteristic/ characteristics of Indian coal?
Which of the following statements regarding laterite soils of India are correct?
Normally, the temperature decreases with the increase in height from the Earth’s surface, because
Consider the following statements :
The lower Gangetic plain is characterized by humid climate with high temperature throughout the year. Which one among the following pairs of crops is most suitable for this region?
La Nina is suspected to have caused recent floods in Australia. How is La Nina different from El Nino?
When you travel in Himalayas, you will see the following :
Which of the above can be said to be the evidences for Himalayas being young fold mountains?
Salinization occurs when the irrigation water accumulated in the soil evaporates, leaving behind salts and minerals. What are the effects of salinization on the irrigated land?
What are the significances of a practical approach to sugarcane production known as ‘Sustainable Sugarcane Initiative’?
Consider the following agricultural practices :
In the context of global climate change, which of the above helps/help in carbon seques-tration/storage in the soil?
Variations in the length of daytime and night time from season to season are due to
A sandy and saline area is the natural habitat of an Indian animal species. The animal has no predators in that area but its existence is threatened due to the destruction of its habitat. Which one of the following could be that animal?
Consider the following factors:
Which of the above factors influence the ocean currents?
Consider the following areas:
Which of the above are Tiger Reserves?
A layer in the Earth’s atmosphere called Ionosphere facilitates radio communication. Why?
Which one of the following pairs of islands is separated from each other by the ‘Ten Degree Channel’?
The seasonal reversal of winds is the typical characteristic of
With reference to the wetlands of India, consider the following statements :
The annual range of temperature in the interior of the continents is high as compared to coastal areas. What is / are the reason / reasons?
A state in India has the following characteristics:
Which one of the following states has all of the above characteristics?
Consider the following statements:
The jet aircrafts fly very easily and smoothly in the lower stratosphere. What could be the appropriate explanation?
Which of the statements given above is/are correct in this context?
Consider the following crops of India :
Which of the above is/are predominantly rainfed crop/crops?
The Brahmaputra, Irrawady and Mekong rivers originate in Tibet and flow through narrow and parallel mountain ranges in their upper reaches. Of these rivers, Brahmaputra makes a “U” turn in its course to flow into India. This “U” turn is due to
Which of the above pairs is/are correctly matched?
The 2004 Tsunami made people realize that mangroves can serve as a reliable safety hedge against coastal calamities. How do mangroves function as a safety hedge?
Region vs Produce
Consider the following rivers:
Which of the above flows / flow through Arunachal Pradesh?
Among the following States, which one has the most suitable climatic conditions for the cultivation of a large variety of orchids with minimum cost of production, and can develop an export oriented industry in this field?
During a thunderstorm, the thunder in the skies is produced by the:
Which of the following can be threats to the biodiversity of a geographical area?
Select the correct answer using the codes given below :
With reference to Neem tree, consider the following statements:
Consider the following
Which of the above found in India?
Program vs ministry
Which of the above pairs are correctly matched?
With reference to ‘Changpa’community of India, consider the following statement:
On the planet earth, most of the freshwater exists as ice caps and glaciers. Out of the remaining freshwater, the largest proportion
Westerlies in southern hemisphere are stronger and persistent than in northern hemisphere. Why?
Which of-the statements given above is/are correct?
Consider the following pairs(2013)
National Park River flowing through the Park
Consider the following techniques/phenomena:
Which of the above is/are used to create transgenic crops?
If a tropical rain forest is removed, it does not regenerate quickly as compared to a tropical deciduous forest. This is because
Consider the following fauna of India:
Which of the above is/are endangered?
Which of the following is the chief characteristic of ‘mixed farming’?
The acidification of oceans is increasing. Why is this phenomenon a cause of concern?
In which of the following States is lion-tailed macaque found in its natural habitat?
Select the correct answer using the codes given below
In which one among the following categories of protected areas in India are local people not allowed to collect and use the biomass?
Which one of the following groups of animals belongs to the category of endangered species?
A particular State in India has the following characteristics :
Which one among the following States has all the above characteristics?
Which of the above are naturally found in India?
The Himalayan Range is Very rich in species diversity. Which one among the following is the most appropriate reason for this phenomenon?
Two important rivers — one with its source in Jharkhand (and known by a different name in Odisha), and another, with its source in Odisha — merge at a place only a short distance from the coast of Bay of Bengal before flowing into the sea. This is an important site of wildlife and biodiversity and a protected area. Which one of the following could be this?
Contour bunding is a method of soil conservation used in:
Consider the following pairs:
Consider the following pairs :
Question 1 of 11
Priority Sector Lending by banks in India constitutes the lending to:
India has experienced persistent and high food inflation in the recent past. What could be the reasons?
Which of the statements given above1 are correct?
The sales tax you pay while purchasing a toothpaste is a
Consider the following liquid assets:
1.Demand deposits with the banks
2.Time deposits with the banks
3.Savings deposits with the banks
The correct sequence of these decreasing order of Liquidity is
The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) acts as a bankers’ bank. This would imply which of the following?
Which of the following measures would result in an increase in the money supply in the economy? (2012)
The national income of a country for a given period is equal to the: total value of goods and services produced by the nationals
Which one of the following is not a feature of “Value Added Tax”?
Both Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) and Foreign Institutional Investor (FII) are related to investment in a country. Which one of the following statements best represents an important difference between the two?
What does venture capital mean?
If the interest rate is decreased in an economy, it will
Economic growth is usually coupled with
A rapid increase in the rate of inflation is sometimes attributed to the “base effect”. What is “base effect”?
terms ‘Marginal Standing Facility Rate’ and ‘Net Demand and Time Liabilities’, sometimes appearing in news, are used in relation to
Which one of the following statements appropriately describes the “fiscal stimulus”?
The price of any currency in international market is decided by the
Which of the statements given above are correct?
In the context of Indian economy, consider the following statements :
To obtain full benefits of demographic dividend, what should India do?
Which of the following can aid in furthering the Government’s objective of inclusive growth?
The Reserve Bank of India regulates the commercial banks in matters of
Which one of the following groups of items is included in India’s foreign-exchange reserves?
Consider the following statements :
In India, in the overall Index of Industrial Production, the Indices of Eight Core Industries have a combined weight of 37-90%. Which of the following are among those Eight Core Industries?
Supply of money remaining the same when there is an increase in demand for money, there will be:
In India, deficit financing is used for raising resources for
In terms of economy, the visit by foreign nationals to witness the XIX Common Wealth Games in India amounted to
An increase in the Bank Rate generally indicates that the:
Microfinance is the provision of financial services to people of low-income groups. This includes both the consumers and the self-employed. The service/services rendered under micro-finance is/are:
Select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:
In the context of Indian economy which of the following is/are the purpose/purposes of ‘Statutory Reserve Requirements’?
A rise in general level of prices may be caused by:
Which of the following organizations brings out the publication known as ‘World Economic Outlook’?
The lowering of Bank Rate by the Reserve Bank of India leads to
Consider the following actions which the Government can take:
Which of the above action/actions can help in reducing the current account deficit?
Disguised unemployment generally means
India is regarded as a country with “Demographic Dividend”. This is due to:
Which one of the following is likely to be the most inflationary in its effect?
With reference to Balance of Payments, which of the following constitutes/constitute the Current Account?
The balance of payments of a country is a systematic record of
Consider the following specific stages of demographic transition associated with economic development :
Select the correct order of the above stages using the codes given below :
A “closed economy” is an economy in which
In India, which of the following have the highest share in the disbursement of credit to agriculture and allied activities?
Economic growth in country X will necessarily have to occur if
With reference to Union Budget, which of the following is/are covered under Non-Plan Expenditure?
Which of the following would include Foreign Direct Investment in India?
The main objective of the 12th Five-Year Plan is
Which of the following constitute Capital Account?
What is/are the facility/facilities the beneficiaries can get from the services of Business Correspondent (Bank Saathi) in branchless areas?
Under which of the following circumstances may ‘capital gains’ arise?
Why is the Government of India disinvesting its equity in the Central Public Sector Enterprises (CPSEs)?
In the context of Indian economy,Open Market Operations’ refers to:
The basic aim of Lead Bank Scheme is that:
Which of the following grants/ grant direct credit assistance to rural households?
Why is the offering of “teaser loans” by commercial banks a cause of economic concern?
Question 1 of 28
Consider the following phenomena:
1. Size of the sun at dusk
2. Colour of the sun at dawn
3. Moon being visible at dawn
4. Twinkle of stars in the sky
5. Polestar being visible in the sky
Which of the above are optical illusions?
At present, scientists can determine the arrangement or relative positions of genes or DNA sequences on a chromosome. How does this knowledge benefit us?
1. It is possible to know the pedigree of livestock.
2. It is possible to understand the causes of all human diseases.
3. It is possible to develop disease-resistant animal breeds.
A genetically engineered form of brinjal, known as the Bt-brinjal, has been developed. The objective of this is
Which of the following is /are cited by the scientists as evidence/ evidences for the continued expansion of universe?
1. Detection of microwaves in space
2. Observation of redshift phenomenon in space
3.Movement of asteroids in space
4. Occurrence of supernova explosions in space
Rainbow is produced when sunlight falls on drops of rain. Which of the following physical phenomena are responsible for this?
3. Internal reflection
Select the correct Solution using the codes given below.
Which of the following pair is/are correctly matched?
Ball bearings are used in bicycles, cars, etc., because
The known forces of nature can be divided into four classes, viz, gravity electromagnetism, weak nuclear force and strong nuclear force. With reference to them, which one of the following statements is not correct?
Mycorrhizal biotechnology has been used in rehabilitating degraded sites because mycorrhiza enables the plants to
1. Resist drought and increase absorptive area
2. Tolerate extremes of PH
3. Resist disease infestation
Select the correct Solution using the codes given below:
The efforts to detect the existence of Higgs boson particle have become frequent news in the recent past. What is /are the importance/importance of discovering this particle? (2013)
1. It will enable us to understand as to why elementary particles have mass.
2. It will enable us in the near future to develop the technology to transferring matter from one point to another without traversing the physical space between them.
3. It will enable us to create better fuels for nuclear fission.
Other than resistance to pests, what are the prospects for which genetically engineered plants have been created?
1. To enable them to withstand drought
2. To increase the nutritive value of the produce
3. To enable them to grow and do photosynthesis in spaceships and space stations
4. To increase their shelf life.
What is “Virtual Private Network”?
Consider the following:
1. Electromagnetic radiation
2. Geothermal energy
5.Rotation of the earth
6. Revolution of the earth
Which of the above are responsible for bringing dynamic changes on the surface of the earth?
Recombinant DNA technology (Genetic Engineering) allows genes to be transferred
1. Across different species of plants.
2. From animals to plants.
3. From microorganisms to higher organisms.
A married couple adopted a male child, A few years later; twin boys were born to them. The blood group of the couple is AB positive and O negative. The blood group of the three sons is A positive, B positive, and O positive. The blood group of the adopted son is
A new optical disc format known as the Blu-ray Disc (BD) is becoming popular. In what way is it different from the traditional DVD?
1. DVD supports Standard Definition video while BD supports High Definition video.
2. Compared to a DVD, the BD format has several times more storage capacity.
3. Thickness of BD is 2.4 mm white that of DVD is 1.2 mm.
During a thunderstorm, the thunder in the skies is produced by the
1. Meeting of cumulonimbus clouds in the sky
2. Lightning that separates the nimbus clouds
3. Violent upward movement of air and water particles
Which reference to Agni-IV Missile, which of the following statements is/are correct?
A team of scientists at Brookhaven National Laboratory including those from India created the heaviest anti-matter (anti-helium nucleus). What is/are the implication/ implications of the creation of anti-matter?
1. It will make mineral prospecting and oil exploration easier and cheaper.
2. It will help probe the possibility of the existence of stars and galaxies made of anti-matter.
3. It will help understand the evolution of the universe.
Satellites used for telecommunication relay are kept in a geostationary orbit. A satellite is said to be in such an orbit when:
1. The orbit is geosynchronous.
2. The orbit is circular,
3. The orbit lies in the plane of the Earth’s equator.
4. The orbit is at an altitude of 22,236 km.
What is the difference between a CFL and an LED lamp?
1. To produce light, a CFL uses mercury vapour and phosphor while an LED lamp uses semiconductor material.
2. The average life span of a CFL is much longer than that of an LED lamp.
3. A CFL is less energy-efficient as compared to an LED lamp.
Graphene is frequently in news recently. What is its importance?
1, It is a two-dimensional material and has good electrical conductivity.
2. It is one of the thinnest but strongest materials tested so far.
3. It is entirely made of silicon and has high optical transparency.
4. It can be used as ‘conducting electrodes’ required for touch screens, LCDs and organic LEDs.
In addition to fingerprint scanning, which of the following can be used in the biometric identification of a person?
Electrically charged particles from space travelling at speeds of several hundred km/sec can severely harm living beings if they reach the surface of the Earth. What prevents them from reaching the surface of the Earth?
What is the difference between Bluetooth and Wi-Fi devices?
The surface of a lake is frozen in severe winter, but the water at its bottom is still liquid. What is the reason?
Fruits stored in a cold chamber exhibit longer storage life because
With reference to ‘stem cells’, frequently in the news, which of the following statements is/are correct?
Lead, ingested or inhaled, is a health hazard. After the addition of lead to petrol has been banned, what still are the sources of lead poisoning?
Consider the following pairs :
Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?
Consider the following minerals
Which of the minerals given above is/are required by human body for the contraction of muscles?
The function of heavy water in a nuclear reactor is to
Which of the following diseases can be transmitted from one person to another through tattooing?
To meet its rapidly growing energy demand, some opine that India should pursue research and development on thorium as the future fuel of nuclear energy. In this context, what advantage does thorium hold over uranium?
Which of the following is/are the example/examples of chemical change?
Consider the following diseases
Which of the above diseases has/have been eradicated in India?
Many transplanted seedlings do not grow because
Which of the following statements is / are correct?
Question 1 of 14
KPSC - KAS Exam Preparation Test - II
1 / 25
Which of the following statements is/are correct regarding the Sangamliterature?1. Melkanakku, the didactic texts, was the work of brahmana Prakrit-Sanskrit scholars.2. The narrative Sangam texts give some idea of state formation with heroic poetry.Select the correct answer using the codegiven below:
Exp) Statement 1 is incorrect. The Sangam literature can roughly be divided intotwo groups, narrative and didactic. The narrative texts are called Melkanakku orEighteen Major Works which consist eight ethologies and ten idylls. The didacticworks are called Kilkanakku or Eighteen Minor Works.Statement 2 is correct. The narrative Sangam texts give some idea of the stateformation in which the army consisted of groups of warriors, and the taxation systemand judiciary appeared in a rudimentary state. The narrative texts provide thisinformation with heroic poetry in which heroes are glorified and perpetual wars andcattle raids frequently mentioned.
2 / 25
. Consider the following statements regarding the Lomas Rishi Caves:1. The cave was patronised by Ashoka for the Ajivika Sect.2. The entrance of the caves is arched in the form of a semicircular Chaitya.3. It is carved in Barabar Hills in Odisha.Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
Exp: Statement 1 is correct. The Lomas Rishi cave was patronised by Ashoka for the Ajivika sect.Statement 2 is correct. The facade of the cave is decorated with the semicircularchaitya arch as the entrance. Statement 3 is incorrect. The rock-cut Lomas Rishi cave carved at Barabar hills near Gaya in Bihar.
3 / 25
Which of the following statements is/are correct regarding the Mathura School of Art?1. The Buddha image at Mathura is modelled on the lines of earlier Yaksha images.2. Images of Vaishnava and Shaiva are found in larger number than images of Buddha.3. The sculptures are represented with clearly visible garments.Select the correct answer using the codegiven below:
Exp) Statement 1 is correct. Buddha in the symbolic form got a human form inMathura and Gandhara. The Buddha image at Mathura is modelled on the lines ofearlier Yaksha images.Statement 2 is incorrect. Images of Vaishnava (mainly Vishnu and his variousforms) and Shaiva (mainly the lingas and mukhalingas) faiths are also found atMathura but Buddhist images are found in large numbers.Statement 3 is correct. There is boldness in carving the large images, the volume ofthe images is projected out of the picture plane, the faces are round and smiling,heaviness in the sculptural volume is reduced to relaxed flesh. The garments of thebody are clearly visible and they cover the left shoulder.
Exp) Mumbai’s Victoria Gothic and Art Deco ensemble was given the green light by ICOMOS (International Council for Monuments & Sites), an advisory body to UNESCO to be included in the World Heritage Site.• The buildings around the Fort, Churchgate and Marine Drive area are included in the Heritage Site tag, with notable structures such as the Bombay High Court, Elphinstone College, National Gallery of Modern Art (NGMA) and Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Vastu Sangrahalaya (CSMVS) being considered among the collection of Victorian, Neo-Classical and Indo-Saracenic architecture.• Residential buildings along Oval Maidan, around the Cricket Club of India and the first row of buildings along Marine Drive are part of the Art Deco buildings, as well as Regal and Eros Cinemas.• The Victorian buildings are amongst the finest and most cohesive group of 19th century Victorian Gothic in the world, and the Art Deco of the 20th century is the second largest and homogenous collections in the world.• The Art Deco and Victorian buildings are India’s 37th heritage site, Maharashtra’s fifth, and Mumbai’s third.
4 / 25
. Which of the following Indian site was recently (2018) included in UNESCO's World Heritage List?
5 / 25
With reference to vulcanism, consider the following statements:(1) Plutonic rocks are formed over the earth’s surface.(2) Lava emerging out of earth’s surface is known as magma.(3) Basic lava is highly fluid, whereas acidic lava is highly viscous.(4) Geysers and hot springs have no relation with vulcanismWhich of the statements given above is/are incorrect?
Explanation:Magma is a hot molten mass deep within the earth. Magma has properties of a liquid.When magma is allowed to cool, it crystallizes into a solid rock form. The rocks formedafter the cooling of molten mass are called igneous rocks.Statement 1 is incorrect. Plutonic rocks are formed when magma cools and solidifiesbelow the earth's surface (intrusive igneous rocks), and volcanic rocks are formed whenlava cools and solidifies on the earth's surface (extrusive igneous rocks).Statement 2 is incorrect. Magma that reaches the earth's surface is called lava. It maybe acidic or basic.Statement 3 is correct. Basic lava is highly fluid, darker in colour and has less silicacontent. Acidic lava is viscous, lighter in colour and has more silica content.Statement 4 is incorrect. Hot springs are formed when superheated water flows onto theearth's surface by vulcanicity. Geysers are intermittent hot springs in which superheatedwater and steam are ejected to the earth's surface at regular intervals. E.g. - The famousOld Faithful geyser in Yellowstone National park, USA.Value Addition:Vulcanicity is the process through which gases and molten rock are either extruded on theearth's surface or intruded into the earth's crust.
6 / 25
With reference to the jurisdiction and powers of the Supreme Court of India, whichof the following statements is/are correct?(1) The jurisdiction and powers of the Supreme Court can be extended andcurtailed by the Parliament.(2) The Supreme Court enquires into the conduct of the Chairman and members
of the Union Public Service Commission on a reference made by theParliament.Select the correct answer using the code given below:
Statement 1 is not correct: The jurisdiction and powers of the Supreme Court can onlybe extended by the Parliament. It cannot curtail them. This, provision ensuresindependence of the Supreme Court of India.Statement 2 is not correct: The Supreme Court enquires into the conduct of theChairman and members of the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) on a referencemade by the President and not the Parliament.
7 / 25
Consider the following statements about the Mauryan economy:(1) Slavery was absent during the Mauryan reign but emerged during the time of the Kushanas.(2) The use of currency as a medium of exchange was popular during the Mauryan times.(3) There was remarkable growth of settled agriculture during the Mauryan times.Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
Explanation:Statement 1 is incorrect. It is known that the Mauryans owned large farms known as ‘Sita’ which were worked by numerous slaves and hired labourers. Also, Kautilya in his Arthashastra mentioned elaborately about slaves, both men and women.Statement 2 is correct. The use of currency which began in the pre-Mauryan period became a fairly common feature of the Mauryan period. Currency was used to trade goods and the government paid its officers in cash. It is evident from a large number of coins of Mauryan age found at many places like U.P. and Bihar.Statement 3 is correct. Large-scale clearing of land by the State as well as thecultivation of Crown land under the direct supervision of State’s officers led to anunprecedented growth of settled agriculture, especially in the Gangetic valley.
8 / 25
Consider the following statements regarding Balance of Payment:(1) If a country is said to be in Balance of Payment equilibrium, it necessarilymeans that the current account deficit is zero.(2) The inflow of foreign investment in a country plays a role in its Balance ofPayment, while remittances received by it plays no role in it.Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
Statement 1 is incorrect.If a country is said to be in balance of payments equilibrium, it means that thecurrent account deficit is financed entirely by international lending without anyreserve movements. Alternatively, the country could use its reserves of foreign exchangein order to balance any deficit in its balance of payments. The reserve bank sells foreignexchange when there is a deficit. This is called official reserve sale. The decrease(increase) in official reserves is called the overall balance of payments deficit (surplus).Statement 2 is incorrect.The balance of payments (BoP) records the transactions in goods, services and assetsbetween residents of a country with the rest of the world for a specified time periodtypically a year. There are two main accounts in the BoP — the current account and thecapital account. The Current account consists of Trade in goods, services and transferpayment such as remittances, while the capital account consists of FDI, FPI, loans,ECB, government aids etc. Hence both FDI and Remittances play a vital role inBalance of Payment.
9 / 25
Consider the following statements about land grants in Ancient India:(1) Harsha is credited with the grant of land to the officers by charters.(2) Satavahanas started the practice of granting tax-free villages to brahmanas andBuddhist monks.(3) After the eighth century, land grants to temples became a common phenomenon.Which of the statements givenabove are correct?
All the given statements are correct.Land grants in Ancient India:1. Harsha is credited with the grant of land to the officers by charters. Bana Bhatta alsoendorses the land grants made by Harsha to the brᾱhmaṇas and religious establishments.2. Satavahanas started the practice of granting tax-free villages to Brahmans and Buddhistmonks. The Satavahanas were Hindus and claimed Brahmanical status, although they alsomade generous donations to Buddhist monasteries. The lay people in the Satavahana periodgenerally did not exclusively support a particular religious group3. After the eighth century, land grants to temples became a common phenomenon.
10 / 25
Recently, the Constitution (103rd Amendment) Act, 2019 was passed. In this context, consider the following statements:(1) The amendment seeks to provide 10 per cent reservation in direct recruitment in government jobs and for admission in higher educational institutions to ―economically weaker‖ sections (EWS) among all castes and communities; excluding Christians and Muslims, who are not eligible under the existing quotas.(2) The 10 per cent reservation will be in addition to the existing cap of 50 per cent reservation.(3) The Bill defines EWS as those with annual household income of below Rs. 8 Lakh.Which of the following statements given above is/are correct?
Explanation:Statement 1 is incorrect: The Constitution (103rd Amendment) Act, 2019 is designed to amend the Constitution to extend 10 per cent reservation in direct recruitment in government jobs and for admission in higher educational institutions to economicallyweaker‖ sections (EWS) among general category to all castes and communities, Christians and Muslims included, who are not eligible under the existing quotas. Statement 2 is correct: The 10 per cent reservation will be in addition to the existing cap of 50 per cent reservation.Statement 3 is correct: Bill defines EWS as those with annual household income below Rs. 8 Lakh. Same income criteria are also applicable for non- creamy layer of OBCs to get reservation in higher educational institutions and government jobs.Additional Information:The 124th constitution amendment providing a 10% quota for ―economically weaker sections‖ from the general category of the population – primarily upper caste Hindus, but also religiousminorities – has been challenged in the Supreme Court. As legal experts have pointed out,the Modi government‘s decision would appear to face two insurmountable obstacles laid down by the Supreme Court itself in its landmark 1993 judgment in Indra Sawhney vs Union of India. These are:1. that the total number of reserved seats/places/positions cannot exceed 50% of what isavailable, and2. that under the constitutional scheme of reservation, economic backwardness alone couldnot be a criterion.
11 / 25
Which of the following are correctly matched? Founder Political party1. Dr.B.R. Ambedkar A) Republican party of India2. J.B. Kripalani B) Kisan Mazdoor Praja Party3. Shyam Prasad Mukherjee C) Bharatiya Jana SanghChoose the correct code
After Independence, though it was generally accepted that the Congress had the largestfollowing, various other political strands in India were also beginning to take shape. Justbeforethe first elections, Shyam Prasad Mukherjee (industries minister under Nehru) brokeaway to set up the Bharatiya Jana Sangh (a proto-BJP) in October 1951.Dr. B. R. Ambedkar revived the Scheduled Castes Federation (which was later named theRepublican Party).Another high-profile Congress leader, J. B. (Acharya) Kripalani, founded the KisanMazdoor Praja Party . Ram Manohar Lohia and Jaya Prakash Narayan were the forces behindthe Socialist Party.
12 / 25
Consider the following statements regardingthe Mediterranean Climatic region:1. They are characterized by mild and wetwinters.2. Orchard farming is the importantoccupation here.3. This type of climate is found in bothNorthern and Southern hemisphere.Which of the statements given above arecorrect?
• Statements 1 and 2 are correct: The vegetation in the Mediterrannean region mustadapt to a changing climatic environment characterised by recurring cycles of rainand drought. The Mediterranean basin has long been a site of temperate fruit andnut production. Grapes, olives, figs, almonds, dates, and carobs have been cultivatedthere since early times. The Mediterranean lands are the well-known orchard landsof the world. The mild rainy winters and abundant sunshine, even in winter, havemade these regions verysuitable for fruit growing.• Statement 3 is correct: Mediterranean-climate regions are found between 31 and 40degrees latitude north and south of the equator, on the western side of continents.It is generally accepted that the mediterranean climate occurs in southern andsouthwestern Australia, central Chile, coastal California, the Western Cape of SouthAfrica and around the Mediterranean Basin. The largest area with a Mediterraneanclimate is the Mediterranean Basin, which has given the climate its name.
13 / 25
With reference to the Judges of the Supreme Court of India, consider the following statements:(1) The Indian Constitution prescribes a minimum age for a person to be appointed as a Judge of the Supreme Court.(2) A Supreme Court Judge can be removed by the President when the Parliament passes a motion to that effect by a special majority.(3) The ground mentioned for the removal of a Supreme Court Judge, in the Indian Constitution, is ‘incapacity’ or ‘proved misbehaviour’ only.Which of the statements given above are correct
Explanation:Statement 1 is not correct. The Constitution does not prescribe a minimum age forappointment of a person to the Supreme Court (SC) as a Judge.Statement 2 is correct. The motion for the removal of the SC Judge has to be passed byspecial majority by the Parliament. According to the Article 124(4) of the Constitution, thePresident can remove a Judge when the Parliament passes a motion with a majority ofthe total membership of each House in favour of his removal and not less than two thirdsof the members of each House present and voting.Statement 3 is correct. The Constitution provides only two grounds for removal of theSupreme Court Judge; 'proved misbehaviour' or 'incapacity.'
14 / 25
With reference to the 73rd Constitutional Amendment Act, 1992, which of thefollowing provisions are voluntary in nature?(1) Reservation for the backward classes(2) Reservation of seats for the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes inPanchayats(3) Financial autonomy for the Panchayats
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
Explanation:The provisions of the 73rd Amendment Act can be grouped into two categories -compulsory and voluntary. The compulsory provisions of the Act have to be included inthe State laws creating the new Panchayati Raj System. The voluntary provisions, onthe other hand, may be included at the discretion of the States, in accordance with thelocal situations and needs.Voluntary provisions of the Act:1. Giving voting rights to members of the Union and the State Legislatures in thesebodies;2. Providing reservation for the backward classes.3. Giving the Panchayats financial autonomy and thereunder the power to levy taxes,fees, etc.4. Devolution of powers to the Panchayat bodies to perform functions as provided in theXIth Schedule to the Constitution. Reservation of seats for the Scheduled Castes andScheduled Tribes in Panchayats come under the Compulsory provisions.
15 / 25
In the context of the Parliamentary system of India, the term 'whip' is often in the news. Which of the statements given below is/are correct regarding the office of the Whip?(1) The Office of Whip is mentioned in the Rules of each House of the Parliament.(2) The Speaker/Chairman appoints Whip for each party who ensures attendance of party members.Select the correct answer using the code given below:
Explanation:Statement 1 is not correct: The Office of ‘Whip’, is mentioned neither in the Constitutionof India nor in the Rules of the House nor in a Parliamentary Statute. It is based on theConventions of the Parliamentary System of Government.Statement 2 is not correct: Every political party, whether ruling or Opposition has its ownWhip in the Parliament. He is appointed by the political party to serve as an AssistantFloor Leader. He is charged with the responsibility of ensuring the attendance of his partymembers in large numbers and securing their support in favour of or against a particularissue. He regulates and monitors their behaviour in the Parliament. The members aresupposed to follow the directives given by the Whip. Otherwise, disciplinary action can betaken against the erring members of the political party
16 / 25
Justice Verma committee is related to which of the following?
• Justice Verma Committee was constituted to recommend amendments to the Criminal Law so as to provide for quicker trial and enhanced punishment for criminals accused of committing sexual assault against women. Hence, option (a) is correct.• The panel was formed in the aftermath of the December 16, Nirbhaya gang rape in 2012 and the ensuing nationwide protests, and submitted its report on January 23, 2013. z It made recommendations on laws related to rape, sexual harassment, trafficking, child sexual abuse, medical examination of victims, police, electoral and educational reforms.• Key recommendations of the committee were: Rape: The committee recommended that the gradation of sexual offences should be retained in the Indian Penal Code, 1860 (IPC).Sexual assault: The committee recommended that non-penetrative forms of sexual contact should be regarded as sexual assault. Verbal sexual assault: The committee suggested that use of words, acts or gestures that create an unwelcome threat of a sexual nature should be termed as sexual assault and be punishable for 1 year imprisonment or fine or both. Child sexual abuse: The committee recommended that the terms ‘harm’ and ‘health’ be defined under the Juvenile Justice Act, 2000 to include mental and physical harm and health, respectively, of the juvenile.
17 / 25
Consider the following pairs :State - State animal1. Gujarat – Asiatic Lion2. Maharashtra – Indian Giant Squirrel3. Arunachal Pradesh – Mithun4. Tamil Nadu – Nilgiri TahrWhich of the pairs given above are correctly matched ?
Explanation :“Asiatic lion” • Asiatic lion is state animal of Gujarat. z Asiatic lions are slightly smaller than African lions. • Asiatic lions were once distributed upto the state of West Bengal in east and Rewa in Madhya Pradesh, in central India. • At present Gir National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary is the only abode of the Asiatic lion. • Status Listed in Schedule I of Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972, in Appendix I of CITES and as Endangered on IUCN Red List. Hence, pair 1 is correctly matched.“Indian Giant Squirrel” • Indian Giant Squirrel is state animal of Maharashtra. • Status : Indian giant squirrel is a Schedule – II animal, according to wildlife (Protection) act, 1972 and classified as Least concern by IUCN. Hence, pair 2 is correctly matched.“Mithun” • Mithun is a large domestic bovine found in Arunachal Pradesh (state animal). It is a matter of pride for the indigenous tribes of the region. • It is the primary source of dairy products, apart from being an item of prestige for the farm owners. • The animal is facing the threat of extinction due to mass slaughter during local festivals and commercial consumption, prompting the civil society to call for its protection • Status: Vulnerable. Hence, pair 3 is correctly matched“Nilgiri Tahr” • Nilgiri tahr is state animal of Tamil Nadu. • They are stocky goats with short, coarse fur and a bristly mane. • Status: Listed in Schedule I of Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 and as Endangered on IUCN Red List. Hence, pair 4 is correctly matched.
18 / 25
Consider the following statements regarding the Udyam Abhilasha Campaign that was in news recently:1. The campaign was launched by National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD)2. It aims to provide more options to farmers to sell their produce directly to consumers, eliminating middlemen. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
• Exp.: Green Energy Corridor z It is an Intra-State Transmission System which is being implemented by eight renewable rich States, (Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh).The intra-state transmission component of the project is being implemented by the respective states and the Power Grid Corporation of India (PGCIL) Hence, statements 1 and 2 are NOT correct.• The project includes about approx 9400 km transmission lines and Substations of total capacity of approx. 19000 MVA to be completed by March 2020.• The purpose is to evacuate approx. 20,000 MW of large scale renewable power and improvement of the grid in the implementing States
19 / 25
Which of the following statement is/are correct regarding Fifteenth Finance Commission?1. It has recommended to use 2011 population census as a basis for the devolution of taxes from the Central government to the States.2. For the first time forest cover parameter has been included for deciding the states share in the tax divisible pool. Select the correct answer using the code given below:
• The 15th Finance Commission has recommended the use of Census 2011 instead of the norm of considering Census 1971 for the devolution of taxes from the Central government to the States. Hence, statement 1 is correct.• Many states fear it would lead to a significant loss in tax pool share. Moreover, they see it as a punishment for enforcing the National Population Policy effectively.• In a memorandum presented to the Commission, the state government says that the change in base population figure would penalise horizontal share of taxes to those states which took successful initiatives to reach replacement rates of population in accordance with the National Population Policy.• For the Commission, population has been a constant parameter in deciding the states’ share in the tax pool. In the 12th and 13th Commissions, population got 25 percent weightage while the 14th Commission gave it 17.5 percent weightage.• Other parameters include income distance, forest cover, geographical area, fiscal discipline and tax efforts.• The 15th Commission Terms of Reference (TOR) removes the forest cover parameter, which was included for the first time in the 14th Commission. Instead, the latest Commission has been asked by the Union government to consider the financial needs of it keeping in mind the challenges of climate change, defence and internal security, infrastructure development and expansion of and effective railways. Hence, statement 2 is NOT correct.• The constitution of each Finance Commission is announced by a gazette notification. The notification comprises terms that list out the Commission’s work and considerations, called the Terms of Reference ( TOR)
20 / 25
.Arrang the following eventsin their chronological order1. Wavell plan2. C.Rajgopalchari formula3. Desai-liaqat pact4. Quit India movementChoose the correct code
Quit India Movement (1942)• C. Rajagopalachari Formula (March 1944)• Desai-Liaqat Pact (1945)• Congress and League nominees to have equal representation in Central Executive20% of seats reserved for minorities• Wavell Plan (Shimla Conference—June 1945)
21 / 25
Consider the following statements about the Global Precipitation Measurement(GPM) Mission:1. It provides next-generation global observations of rain and snow to advance our understanding ofEarth's water and energy cycle, improve forecasting of extreme events, and provide accurate andtimely information to directly benefit the society.2. GPM is a joint mission between NASA and the ISRO.Which of the statements given aboveis/are correct?
Explanation:• NASA has released a video created using satellite data, that provides an estimate of the intense rainfall over India that shows the spread of the resulting severe flooding in Kerala and parts of Karnataka.• The Integrated Multi-Satellite Retrievals for GPM (IMERG) is used to estimate precipitation from a combination of passive microwave sensors, including microwave sensor and infrared data.• The data is generated every half an hour, thereby allowing scientists to track rainfall across the globe almost in real time.• GPM is the Global Precipitation Measurement Mission core satellite.• GPM is a joint mission between NASA and the Japan Aerospace Agency, JAXA.
22 / 25
In a landmark judgment, Five Judge Constitution Bench of Supreme Court has decriminalized homosexuality. In light of the judgment which of the following rights have been provided tothe LGBT community?1. Right to absolute freedom2. Right to freedom of choice and consent3. Right to access medical care4. Right to protect consensual intimacySelect the correct answer using the codegiven below:
Explanation• Every Fundamental Right is subject to reasonable restriction and no freedom guaranteed under the constitution is absolute. [Article 19(2)]• In a landmark judgment, Five Judge Constitution Bench of Supreme Court has decriminalized homosexuality. The Court held the part of section 377 of Indian Penal Code (IPC) as unconstitutional - which criminalized private consensual sexual conduct between adults of the same sex. The Court declared the 156 years old tyranny of section 377 as irrational, indefensible and manifestly arbitrary. However, the Court held that cases of unnatural sexual acts like bestiality or sexual act without consent continues to be a crime under section 377 of IPC.• Important part of judgment: The Court observed that organisation of intimate relation is amatter of complete personal choic between consenting adults. - This is a vital personal right falling within the private protective sphere and realm of individual choice and autonomy.• LGBT community has been disadvantaged in access to healthcare and other governmental facilities.Section 377 infringed on their fundamental right to non- discrimination, to live a life of dignityand privacy as guaranteed under the Constitution.
23 / 25
The annual “Raisins Dialogue”, a flagship Geo-political conference, is conducted by
Learning: Raisina Dialogue is an annual conference held in New Delhi. It is envisioned to be India’s flagship conference of geopolitics and geo-economics.• The conference is held jointly by Ministry of External Affairs and the Observer Research Foundation (ORF), an independent think tank based in India.• The name of conference comes from Raisina Hill which is the elevation in New Delhi where presidential palace of India, Rashtrapati Bhavan is located.• The first edition of the conference was held in March 2016 with the theme “Asia: Regional and Global Connectivity”. It is organized on the lines of the Shangri-La Dialogue held in Singapore.• It is structured as a multi-stakeholder, cross-sectoral conclave, involving policy and decision makers, including cabinet ministers from various Governments, high-level Government officials and policy practitioners, leading personalities from business and industry etc.• The theme for the 2018 Conference is “Managing Disruptive Transitions: Ideas, Institutions and Idioms”. This theme is designed to explore the shifting dynamics within the global order; where old relationships need new directions, emerging partnerships face unprecedented constraints and the notions of power and sovereignty are challenged. The Dialogue will foster discussions on the role of institutions, the possibility of collective action and successful responses to these modern developments
24 / 25
Which of the following statements is/ are correct about Chhau Dance:1. Chhau Dance is a tradition from eastern India that enacts episodes fromepics including the Mahabharata and Ramayana.2. Its three distinct styles hail from the regions of Seraikella (Jharkhand), Purulia (West bengal) and Mayurbhanj (Odisha).3. Seraikella and Mayurbhanj style of Chhauuses Mask during performance.Select the correct answer from the code given
Explanation: Chhau Dance Statement 1 is correct: Chhau means a mask. Chhau dance probably originatedas a martial art and performers, apart from a mask, hold swords and shieldsand performing vigorous movements and leaps. This is a popular dance in Odisha, Bihar and Bengal. The stages are decorated and brightly lit by torches, lanterns and fl ickering oil lamps. The musical instruments used are the Dhol, Nagara and Shehnai. The themes often revolve around mythological heroes and warriors from the Mahabharata and Ramayana. Statement 2 is correct: Prevalent in the tribal belt of the bordering areas of the provinces of Orissa, Jharkhand and West- Bengal in eastern India. There are threedistrict forms of Chhau: Seraikella Chhau of JharkhandStatement 3 is incorrect: Mayurbhanj Chhau of Orissa (mask is not used) Purulia Chhau of West Bengal (Chhau mask of Purulia, West Bangal was awarded the Geographic Indication Tag.)In news Recently the distinctive Chhau mask of Purulia, West Bangal was awarded theGeographic Indication Tag.
25 / 25
Which of the following organisations has recently released the report New India @ 75?
Explanation:Nine Point AgendaNine points agenda on fugitive economic off enders presented by the Prime Minister of India at G-20 annual summit 2018: Strong and active cooperation across G-20 countries to deal comprehensively and effi ciently with the menace economic off enders. Cooperation in the legal process such as effective freezing of the proceeds of crime, early return of the off enders and effi cient registration of the proceeds of crime should be enhanced and streamlined. Joint eff ort by G-20 countries to form a mechanism that denies the entry and safe havens to all fugitive economic off enders. Principles of United Nations Convention Against Corruption (UNCAC), United Nations Convention Against Transnational Organised Crime (UNOTC), especially related to “International Cooperation” should be fully and eff ectively implemented Financial Action Task Force (FATF) should be called upon to assign priority and focusto establishing international co-operation that leads to timely and comprehensive exchange of information between the competent authority and FIUs FATF should be tasked to formulate a standard defi nition of fugitive economic off ender FAFTF should also develop a set of commonly agreed and standardized procedures related to identifi cation, extradition and judicial proceedings for dealing with fugitive economic off enders to provide guidance and assistance to G-20 countries subject to their domestic law. Common platforms should be set up for sharing experiences and best practices including successful cases of extradition gaps in existing systems of extradition and legal assistance etc. G-20 Forum should consider initiating work on locating properties of economic off enders who have a tax debt Ithe country of their residence for its recovery
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